November is Epilepsy Awareness Month in the US, so in this weeks post were going over the basics of this neurological condition that affects more people than you may believe. 1 in 26 people will experience epilepsy at some point in our life, and in the US alone around 150,000 people are diagnosed with epilepsy each year. There are many different types of epilepsy, different kinds of seizures, and various signs for these seizures.
What is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a neurological condition that affects the nerve system and triggers seizures, or what you might called fits or fitting. The brain works by passing electrical signals to and from cells in a fragile balance, in order to send out messages and permit us to interact with the world. Often this electrical activity ends up being imbalanced and can surge. This causes the messages to become confused, and the outcome is a seizure Causes of epilepsy can include brain injuries, underlying illness such as meningitis or brain growths, drug abuse, or stirs. However, the cause is unidentified and can not be recognized, although research study is ongoing to try and comprehend more about the condition.
You are thought about to have epilepsy if you have actually duplicated seizures, or if the probability of more seizures is high. Some people have a one-off seizure and this doesnt always mean you will develop epilepsy, but when you have had 1 seizure with an unknown cause, you are around 50% more most likely to have another within 6 months.
Signs of a seizure.
A seizure can typically be scary and quite worrying, both for the person experiencing it and for those around them. Contrary to popular belief, a seizure doesnt always indicate shaking on the flooring or foaming at the mouth, although this might accompany particular types of epileptic seizure. Some signs you can expect with epilepsy and seizures are:
Eyes rolling into the back of the head
Collapsing to the floor
Lacks or fading out
Pins and needles in the limbs or in other places in the body
Confusion or disorientation
An aura, which is an unusual feeling at the onset of a seizure, this can be anything from unusual smells to deja vu to visual disturbances
Loss of 1 or more of the senses
Inability to move
Convulsions, which are jerking movements of the muscles or whole body
Drooling, excess saliva or foamy saliva in the mouth
This is not an extensive list of the symptoms you can experience during a seizure, and you may experience just 1 of them or many of them. Since it is the brain that is impacted during a seizure, the organ that manages how every part of the body moves and works, the possibilities for how you may react are practically limitless, and as such there is no typical seizure. There are, nevertheless, some classifications that help develop how we can react to and deal with various epileptic seizures
Types of epileptic seizures.
Recently in 2017, there was a new system established to describe the various types of seizures, aimed at making it clearer for medical professionals to comprehend the start and observe and characteristics of various seizures and treat them efficiently. It is still quite complicated, however the types are named based upon 3 attributes:
There are lots of different types of epilepsy, different types of seizures, and different signs for these seizures.
Where in the brain the seizure starts, whether it is in 1 or both sides of the brain, and just how much of the brain is impacted. Generalized seizures usually affect both sides, while a focal seizure impacts a portion of the brain.
How mindful the individual is throughout the seizure
How much motion, or jerking there is during the seizure
Tonic clonic seizures
When they think of fits, these are the ones many individuals believe of. They affect both sides of the brain and are therefore generalized seizures, the person will not understand throughout the seizure and may not remember it at all, and there is considerable movement. This likewise utilized to be understood as a grand mal seizure. A person will end up being unexpectedly stiff, then typically collapse, after which the muscles will tense and unwind rhythmically. This can cause shaking, groaning, foaming at the mouth, and biting as the person has no control over the muscles in the body.
Tonic and atonic seizures
A tonic seizure involves all the muscles suddenly ending up being stiff, but doesnt have the repetitive tensing and relaxing. An atonic seizure is the opposite, where all the muscles all of a sudden unwind and the body goes floppy. Both these types are typically extremely fast and the body will probably fall over, and both are thought about generalized seizures affecting both sides of the brain.
Clonic seizures include the rhythmical jerking without the preliminary stiffening of the muscles. They can be generalized, impacting the entire body, or focal, where just one side of the body is impacted.
These are smaller sized jerking motions, similar to the sensations some individuals get when falling asleep. They can occur in clusters, with a series of jerks all at once. Although the individual is conscious throughout, these are considered generalized seizures, as they are typically accompanied by other generalized seizures and typically affect both sides of the brain.
These generalized seizures are more typical in kids, and include short-term lacks, nearly like daydreaming. The person might miss pieces of information in a conversation, and might blink quickly or stare into area.
Focal beginning mindful seizures
A focal seizure starts in 1 part of the brain instead of both sides or the entire brain being impacted, and as such hardly ever includes jerking or convulsions. Focal mindful seizures happen when the person is aware of what is going on, but may feel a weird sensation. This can be an indigestion, a wave going through the body, or deja vu, amongst many other things. They are often undetectable to anybody else, although can often include motion such as lip smacking or noises.
Focal onset impaired seizures
These similarly just affect a part of the brain, but they leave the individual impaired in some way. They may be puzzled, have a loss of memory, or be not able to communicate or comprehend. Healing periods can differ as well, with some requiring to sleep or rest afterwards, while others recuperate practically instantly.
Focal to bilateral tonic clonic seizures
Focal seizures can often spread to the whole brain, resulting in a tonic clonic seizure.
Unidentified beginning seizures
Sometimes the origin of the seizure is unknown, normally since the seizure was not seen by anybody else or occurred throughout sleep. This is then called an unidentified beginning seizure, and future seizures might assist to comprehend more about this persons epilepsy
As you can see there are many different types of epileptic seizure, and within this numerous signs or possible reactions for the body and brain. Comprehending how a seizure starts and how an individual acts while having a seizure can assist identify how best to deal with the epilepsy. People likewise get to understand any triggers that can trigger the epileptic seizures.
If you are worried about any of the signs talked about in this blogpost, place them into the Isabel Symptom Checker and talk about the results with your doctor. You need to constantly look for medical attention directly away to try and determine any hidden causes if there are any if you have a seizure for the very first time.
You are thought about to have epilepsy if you have repeated seizures, or if the likelihood of more seizures is high. Some people have a one-off seizure and this does not necessarily suggest you will establish epilepsy, but as soon as you have actually had 1 seizure with an unknown cause, you are around 50% more likely to have another within 6 months. They impact both sides of the brain and are therefore generalized seizures, the individual will not be mindful throughout the seizure and might not remember it at all, and there is substantial motion. Comprehending how a seizure begins and how an individual behaves while having a seizure can assist determine how finest to deal with the epilepsy.